Early Years Foundation Stage

Learning in the Foundation Stage

Reception and Nursery


At Teignmouth Primary School our reception and nursery classes follow the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) framework. This curriculum is based upon four themes and principles;

  • Unique Child – Every child is a unique child who is constantly learning and can be resilient, capable, confident and self assured.
  • Positive Relationships – Children learn to be strong and independent through positive relationships.
  • Enabling Environments – Children learn and develop well in enabling environments, in which their experiences respond to their individual needs and there is a strong partnership between practitioners and parents and carers.
  • Learning and Development – Children develop and learn in different ways.  The framework covers the education and care of all children in early years provision, including children with special educational needs and disabilities.

The Curriculum

There are 3 prime areas and 4 specific areas of learning in the Foundation Stage framework curriculum – Development Matters


Prime Areas

  • Personal, Social and Emotional Development
  • Communication and Language
  • Physical Development

Specific Areas

  • Literacy
  • Mathematics
  • Understanding of the World
  • Expressive Arts and Design


In the Foundation stage the children continue to build on their home, nursery and pre school experiences and learning. There continues to be a strong emphasis on developing children’s skills in the 3 Prime Areas. As these areas of learning become more fully embedded there is a further focus on the Specific Areas of Learning, including reading, writing and maths.

Our EYFS building is split up into 3 classrooms, 2 year olds, 3-4 year olds and reception children.  All the classes are  excellently equipped with both age and developmentally appropriate resources to meet the individual children’s needs.  We strive to ensure that all our children receive their entitlement to a free flow enabling environment that supports both indoors and outdoor learning through both adult led and child initiated activities,

What sort of things will children learn during the Foundation Stage?

In the Prime Areas children will learn to:-

  • Share, take turns and develop respect for each other.
  • Make friends and become confident independent learners.
  • Behave appropriately when playing with others.
  • Listen to others and understand spoken language.
  • Learn new words rapidly and use them in conversations.
  • Join in conversations with adults and children.
  • Develop control of their bodies using both large scale movements such as running and jumping, and small scale movements such as holding pencils and using scissors.

In the Specific Areas children will learn to:-

  • Enjoy sharing books and stories with adults and friends.
  • Read words and simple sentences (Reception children).
  • Draw, make marks, write letters and words.
  • Count accurately groups of objects and recognise numerals.
  • Add, subtract and problem solve during practical activities.
  • Use everyday language to talk about size, weight, capacity, distance, time and money.
  • Look closely at how things work, why things happen, living things and the natural world.
  • Be imaginative, sing songs, dance and create fantastic models, drawings and paintings.


 Your Child’s Learning Journey




Each child has an individual learning journey for their time in the foundation stage.  Nursery children have an online learning journal through the interactive app SeeSaw.  Reception children have a combination of an online learning journal through SeeSaw as well as a book based learning journal (which is sent home at the beginning of year 1).

SeeSaw it is a great way for us to communicate between home and school and we very much encourage you to upload photos and engage with the learning that your child has been up to, as it is important for parents and carers and early years settings to have a strong and respectful partnership in order for children to thrive!



Read, Write, Ink – Phonics

We use the highly successful Read Write Inc. phonics programme to teach our children to read and spell.

Learning to read is the most important thing your child will learn at our school. Everything else depends on it, so we put as much energy as we possibly can into making sure that every single child learns to read as quickly as possible.

We want your child to love reading – and to want to read for themselves. This is why we put our efforts into making sure they develop a love of books as well as simply learning to read.

We start by teaching phonics to the children in the Nursery class in the spring term and the autumn term in reception. This means that they learn how to ‘read’ the sounds in words and how those sounds can be written down. This is essential for reading, but it also helps children learn to spell well. We teach the children simple ways of remembering these sounds and letters. Ask them to show you what these are.

The children practice their reading with books that match the phonemes they have learnt and these books are fully decodable.

Teachers read to the children daily as well and this allows the children to become familiar with different types of stories, poetry and information books.