Science progression document

At TCS Mill Lane we recognise the importance of Science in every aspect of daily life. As one of the core subjects taught in Primary Schools, we aim to give the teaching and learning of science the prominence it requires.

Science is the way we increase pupils’ knowledge and understanding of our world. It is also the way we develop skills associated with science as a process of enquiry – a way of approaching, asking and testing out questions.

Science develops the natural curiosity of children, encourages respect for living organisms and the physical environment and provide opportunities for critical evaluation of evidence. These concepts link with our Green Behaviours.

Through linking science with outdoor learning, we show that science isn’t just an abstract, academic discipline. It is what makes our world work in the ways that it does. We aim to show children, through these links, that science is all around us, all the time, and that we can understand ourselves and our world better through science. We can also ask better questions and answer them with more confidence if we have a scientific approach.

At TCS, alongside the aims of National Curriculum, our science teaching offers opportunities for children to:

  • develop scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding
  • see that science happens outside of the classroom and how it applies to the real world outside
  • develop understanding of the nature, processes and methods of science through different types of science enquiries that help them to answer scientific questions about the world around them;
  • be equipped with the scientific knowledge required to understand the uses and implications of science, today and for the future.
  • develop the essential scientific enquiry skills to deepen their scientific knowledge.
  • Use a range of methods to communicate their scientific information and present it in a systematic, scientific manner, including I.C.T., diagrams, graphs and charts.
  • Develop a respect for the materials and equipment they handle with regard to their own, and other children’s safety.
  • Develop an enthusiasm for and enjoyment of scientific learning and discovery.


We want Mill Lane pupils to ask questions about the world around them and talk about what they see and experience first-hand. We want them to show care and concern for living things and their environment. We want to them to begin to develop an awareness of ‘Big Ideas’ linked to larger scientific concepts.


Mill Lane pupils will observe and experience the world around them through first hand observation and practical investigation, including within ‘Big Ideas’. They will demonstrate curiosity to ask and answer their own questions through scientific enquiry and use scientific terminology to communicate their ideas and findings. We want them to develop an awareness of the impact that they have on the environment.

Lower KS2

Pupils will begin to broaden their scientific view of the world, including Big Ideas, by exploring relationships and interactions (for instance, between everyday phenomena, living things and the environment and how they can have an impact on these). They will discuss, test and develop their own methods for investigating questions and preconceptions, including comparative and fair tests. They will use scientific terminology to draw and explain conclusions both verbally and in writing.

Upper KS2

Mill Lane pupils will deepen their understanding of scientific concepts and ‘Big Ideas’: They will recognise how this helps them to predict and understand how the world operates through more abstract concepts. They will ask questions about scientific phenomena and will be able to analyse these more systematically. They will know that scientific concepts, including their own, can change and develop over time. They will make independent investigation choices and present observations and finding in a variety of ways. They will understand that humans have both positive and negative impacts on the environment and how they can act sustainably for the future.